The Swiss Confederation controlled the German …

The Swiss Confederation controlled the German city of Rottweil from 1463 to 1803, and the herding dog now known as the Rottweiler derived from tri-colored Swiss dogs that were also used to create the St. Bernard. You can say that the Rottweiler is more related to the St. Bernard than it would be to any other German breed. (Boxer, Dobe, Great Dane)

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The myth that a Brandy barrel was carried on a St. Bernard’s neck is false. The monks of the St. Bernard Hospice deny that any St. Bernard has ever carried casks or small barrels around their necks; they attribute the image to an 1820 painting by Edwin Landseer, where an Alpine Mastiffs Reanimated a Distressed Traveler (which became a popular engraving in 1831 by Charles Landseer).

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The name “St. Bernard" was not in widespread use until the middle of the 19th century. “Saint Dogs”, “Noble Steeds”, “Alpenmastiff”, or “Barry Dogs” we’re common names before that time with Barry dogs being given for the famous St. Bernard who was credited with saving more than 40 lives during his lifetime.

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St. Bernard dogs are no longer used for Alpine rescues with the last recorded instance of a rescue in 1955.
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