Considered a rare breed outside of France, the…

Considered a rare breed outside of France, the Beauceron is the largest of the French sheepdogs. An old breed developed solely in France with no known foreign crosses, the Beauceron was selectively bred to drive and protect the herd (sheep and cattle) and for guard work.

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Originating in the surrounding regions of Paris known as La Beauce, the first mention of the breed was written in 1587. Mr. Abe Rosier, a priest wrote an article in 1809 about the French herding dogs describing the differences in type between the Berger de la Beauce (Beauceron) and the Berger de la Brie (Briard) a closely related long-haired cousin.

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The Society Central Canine, was founded in 1881 to sponsor dog shows in France as The Kennel Club was doing in England, registering in the Livres Origines Francais (LOF) the first ‘Berger de Beauce’ in September 1893. 

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Toward the end of the 1800s, M. Paul Mégnin began to define the standard of the breed differentiating between the Shepherd of the Brie and the Shepherd of Beauce. In 1922, the Club des Amis du Beauceron was formed under the guidance of the respected M. Paul Megnin.

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With concerns of modern day life and the disappearance of flock in the countryside, in the 1960s the Ministry for Agriculture required that the S.C.C. create a confirmation examination with the goal of preserving the qualities of this ancient sheepdog with the fear that the Beauceron could well disappear. Fortunately, the versatility of the Beauceron such as protecting the home and family, as a herding dog as well as a military and police dog, has helped it to thrive in its native France, much like the German Shepherd of Germany.

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Today the Beauceron is also known as Berger de Beauce (Shepherd of the Beauce) or Bas Rouge (Red Stockings) having changed very little in the past 100 years.

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